Dynamic Evolution


Dynamic Evolution provides the argumentation for the progressive development of the universe and of life which requires coherent and connected laws, parameters, and conditions that govern how, where, and when a given element, universal force, or other Entity (see Consequential Entities) finds its place within The Plexus. This work is not concerned with the implications inherent in these principles; it is only concerned with the evidential principles themselves.

Menger Sponge Infinity (http://paulbourke.net/fractals/menger_sl)
Menger Sponge Infinity (http://paulbourke.net/fractals/menger_sl)

The operative word in the above paragraph is probably “how.” Each Entity has a specific place within the Plexus. This has an impact on the closely-related, interdependent objects within the Plexus in terms of the logical connections intrinsic to the model’s stability.

For example, the multiple fine-tuned attributes of the water molecule Entity cross-reference to fine-tuned functions within the human cell, both in terms of time (e.g. human conception as well as embryonic and fetal development) and critical functional relationships such as temperature control, aquaporin organization for transporting bidirectional water molecules (controlling up to 3 billion per second, per aquaporin, per cell — in the kidneys alone these proteins are in charge of re-absorption of about 50 gallons of water every day), and the diffusion and osmosis of other substances; and in turn establish further plexus relationships along these related pathways within the model, to body organs such as the liver (see ‘Multi-functional Entities’ below), the stomach, the kidneys, and to body systems such as the pulmonary, systemic, lymphatic, and digestive: the resulting illustration of the connective-lattice being too complex for any artist to construct effectively.

Artist's impression of Aquaporins controlling water (colored blue) osmosis.
Artist’s impression of Aquaporins controlling water (colored blue) osmosis. (Picture courtesy of NIH, University of Illinois)

(A further study of aquaporins, and the many facets of the water molecule, are covered in the book.)

Controlling water transportation involves chemical and electrical signals
Controlling water transportation involves chemical and electrical signals

Apart from human cells, these complex proteins have been identified in many other organisms such as bacteria, fungi, plants, mammals, etc. Thus, the cross-linked connections of the Plexus and the principles of Dynamic Evolution branch out in fractal fashion to many other areas of science.

However, we are only reviewing the fundamentals of Dynamic Evolution at this stage. If time was in greater abundance and ‘work space’ was not at a premium, we could discuss the interactions between the water molecule’s various attributes and properties and a selection of thousands of other functional Entities (and their attributes) within the model in, for example, the Molecules level of the Plexus. We would then continue the latticework matrix along each of the channels in a logical progression up through the levels of the Plexus for every level and every connection where at least one dependency existed.

The above explanation constitutes an overview of the basics of Dynamic Evolution.

Multi-functional Entities

The development of a large number of Entities fits into the category of multi-functional. Without Dynamic development, the Darwinian exponent is extremely hard-pressed to explain how a new function, by natural selection, served a new purpose for an organism which was already equipped to serve other purposes.

An example of the dynamic element of these principles can be seen from the following account: Late in the 20th century, a fossil moth egg was found in 75-million-year-old sediments in Massachusetts. The egg is positively assigned to the moth family Noctuidae and extends the fossil record of this family back into the Cretaceous. Is this significant for Dynamic Evolution? It turns out that Noctuidae family moths have special organs for detecting the ultrasonic cries of insect-hunting bats. The fossil record of the bats, however, only goes back to the early Eocene, perhaps 20 million years after the Noctuidae moths. Since no other insect predators like bats existed, either the moths developed these special organs in anticipation of the bats, or we have an interesting example of Dynamic Evolution!

Multi-functional DNA

One of the components of our proverbial spacecraft is analogous to DNA. Another purpose of DNA is the construction of machines for use within the cell to carry out a large variety of operations fulfilling essential duties. These duties or tasks can, in themselves, be linked to other components within the Plexus both horizontally (e.g. interactions with other molecules) and vertically (e.g. manufacturing parts that other body organs need).

Multi-functional Cells

An example of a real (as opposed to analogous) multi-functional Entity is the Radial Glia cell of the human central nervous system. Although these are specialized cells vital for the developing nervous system, they are now known to perform multiple tasks. They are characterized by long radial processes (not unlike the Entity connectivity within the Plexus itself) that facilitate the guidance of radial migration of newborn neurons from the ventricular zone (the channels of the brain that contain fluid) to the mantle (or pallium) regions, which are the protective layers of the brain analogous to the mantle of the earth. (Incidentally, some brain cell development occurs in what scientists call “inside-out” fashion, where the deeper dependent cells are formed before the cells on which they depend — like watching a tree grow, but the leaves form first, followed by the stems then the branches then the limbs then the trunk! This and similar examples from different levels of the Plexus will be dealt with in more advanced articles in this series.) However, recent data indicate further important roles for these cells as ubiquitous precursors that generate neurons and glia, provide maintenance tasks for damaged neuronal connections, and also serve as key elements in patterning and region-specific differentiation of the central nervous system. They also at times perform the same signalling functions as neurons. Consequently, these multi-functional cells are very much involved in most aspects of brain development.

The above “roles” “functions” and “tasks” are examples of Entity attributes (more on these in Part II).

The Multi-functional Liver

The multi-purpose liver (illustrated by Gerry Fey)
The multi-purpose liver (illustrated by Gerry Fey)

The liver is very much a multi-functional organ. It converts food into energy; makes good use of water to cleanse the body from pollutants such as alcohol, drugs, poisons, and airborne mephitic chemicals; it uses water again when manufacturing bile, even increasing production in the event of gall bladder failure; it stores vitamins, minerals, and energy for use by other cells and organs of the body when needed. More advanced articles in this series will deal with the multi-layered dependency relationships that the complexity of this organ contrives in the Plexus at the atom, molecule, DNA, and organ layers.

Multi-purpose Neurovascular Development

A further example involves independent neurovascular growth; that is, nerve fibers and blood vessels (both being multi-attribute Entities) during embryonic development. Growth cones of nerves and endothelial cells of blood vessels are closely analogous in the way they extend and branch out, and they both perform similar tasks during the early development of a limb or organ. Both must invade the mesenchyme, the plexus of embryonic connective tissue in the mesoderm (one of the three primary cellular layers of the developing embryo), which form the connective tissues of the blood and lymphatic vessels to produce complex networks of nerves and vessels. Both Entities (blood vessels and nerve fibers) must extend into regions of the developing limb such as muscles and both form dense subcutaneous plexuses at precisely the same depth. Also, adult tissues show many examples of neurovascular bundles in which nerves and blood vessels give evidence of having developed in close parallel and have branched out in filial fashion in a manner that well illustrates the “dependency links to multiple lines of the complex latticework” described above.

The embryo continues to grow in size as nerve fiber and blood vessel growth continues; however, the density of both remains the same throughout the growth period until near the end of development. Moreover, during the early stages of neurovascular growth, scientists see no obvious signs of symbiotic (mutually dependent) development. They do observe, though, that blood vessels tend to be in place generally before nerve fibers. However, during the mature stages of neurovascular branching, nerve fiber and blood vessel growth is closely correlated, so much so that nerve fibers are either very closely paralleled by blood vessels to within 10 micron distance, or up to 4 blood vessels form a tight sheath around the nerve fibers ensuring an adequate supply of blood at this microscopic level.

Once tissue growth is complete for the organ or limb and branching has reached its maximum twig level, neurovascular growth ceases.

The behaviour of these systems throughout embryonic and fetal development is an example of Dynamic Evolution. How does each filament of fiber or blood vessel branch out (for example, cascading to twig level at appropriate density nearing the end-points) and where? How do they determine when to stop branching out? How does the branching density respond when organ or limb growth has stopped? Why does branching density reach “twig” level near the completion of branching at the perimeter of every organ or limb? Only when the tissue and organ growth is complete does the intended pattern become obvious. The seduction of the principles of Dynamic Evolution is compelling.

Blood Vessel Branching in the Foot (courtesy of scielo.cl)
Blood Vessel Branching in the Foot (courtesy of scielo.cl)

The above image shows the visible fractal branching of the blood vessels; smaller capillary branching is too small for the unaided eye to observe.

Considering the quantity of both blood vessels and nerve fibers that migrate to the nethermost regions of the human body (in fact, in one body alone, placed end-to-end these Entities would each stretch four-times around the earth — not counting the more prolific lemniscus of the brain, which has more than the entire body combined — and neurosurgeons estimate that blood vessel quantities probably match those of nerve fibers, despite the fact that the average length of capillaries in the human body is only about half a millimeter!) it is easy to picture the new density of The Plexus as it now appears at this stage of the study.

An additional study in the book covers the multiple of dependency connections of the human eye (which Darwin predicted would be a cause of problems for his theory) and of the nerve signal traffic of the spinal chord. Interestingly, the eyes and the spinal chord are a direct physical extension of the human brain appearing early in embryonic development, whereas the protective conduits and grooves provided by the hard skeletal system are developed later during the fetal stage, all accurately mapped for the complete network of nerve fibers and blood vessels!

The level of complexity these examples purport of the principles (so far) of Dynamic Evolution makes the illustration of the Eccentricity Diagram (discussed in the book) look like a children’s mathematics lesson in elementary school due to the dependency cascade.

Therefore, the lattice-map of this tiny section of the Plexus has multiple connections for these (and other) examples and therefore multiple dependencies that span (and sometimes jump) the levels of the Plexus.

So now we are ready for yet further new dimensions…

Covered in the book:

  • The Plexus — Exquisite Fractal Reticulation
  • Plexus Entities — Dissecting Properties and Attributes
  • Water, Water everywhere — But Not a Molecule Can We Control
  • Bone upon Bone — Reactionary Planning
  • Dr. Frankenstein — Body Parts Doth Not a Body Make
  • Congruity vs. Incongruity
  • Synergistic Pathways & Filial Characteristics between Incongruous Levels
  • Machines of the Plexus
  • Paradoxes Within Paradoxes — a New Level of Connectivity
  • The Eccentricity Equation
  • The Mastermind Effect
  • The Articulate Architect

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